Managing IT Security in Big Data and Creating a Security Plan

IT security has grown in importance and difficulty as a result of the daily rise in cyberattacks. The industry's need for workers has increased. Hiring employees who can assist in safeguarding their infrastructure and digital data has become a top priority for many companies. Only those with the most up-to-date and cutting-edge skills can succeed in a field like IT security, where the stakes are as high as the sky.

The best way to demonstrate your importance and worth is through certification.

Choosing the right IT security certification path can be a challenge, as there are so many to choose from.

As a result, we provide you with a proven path to success in the IT security industry.

Candidates who want to learn more about the industry can choose from one of two recommended paths:

1. Making the leap into the field of Information Security

2. An Information Security Architect (ISA) certification

As A Cybersecurity Expert

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As Obi Wan Kenobi's real-world counterpart, the IT security consultant is an expert in all things security. Organizations, businesses, and companies turn to security consultants for advice on how to protect and secure their physical, financial, and information capital.

Among the many specializations available to security consultants are computer security, building security, and security against man-made and natural disasters. Consultants can either work for themselves or for consulting companies.

The Best Way To Learn Is To Follow This Path

1. CompTIA's Security+ Certification

CompTIA's Security+ certification is a great place to begin a career in cyber-security certification.

  • There are practical and theoretical components to this certification, which covers everything from network attacks and countermeasures to risk management and application security to regulatory compliance and operational security.
  • Government agencies like the US Department of Defense use this certification as a benchmark for entry-level talent.
  • As a result, a wide range of career options in government are now available.
  • The Security+ certification is required as a pre-requisite for many other certifications and training programs, including those offered by IBM and other well-known organizations.

This test has the following prerequisites:

This exam has no pre-requisites.

2. Ethical Hacking

  • Network security specialists who earn this credential learn to think like nefarious hackers.
  • Professionals trained in ethical hacking use the same methods and tools used by hackers to find and fix any vulnerabilities in a system.
  • Ethical hacking has a clear focus on penetration testing, but its usefulness and marketability extend beyond this specific niche.
  • A good intermediate credential like this one is essential.

This test has the following prerequisites:

Ethical hacker training and certification requires a candidate to meet the following criteria:

  • Experience in the field of information security
  • TCP/IP knowledge is required.
  • a degree in computer security or a related field of study


  • Certification for Information System Auditors is mandatory.
  • CISA-certified systems auditors have the expertise and skills necessary to audit computer systems, implement security controls, manage vulnerabilities, and oversee compliance at the enterprise level. '

Learn from someone who went through the CISA program and has been able to apply what he has learned.

This test has the following prerequisites:

The following requirements must be met in order to become a CISA certified professional:

  • Within five years of passing the initial exam, a completed application must be submitted.
  • Every bit of work experience must be corroborated by contacting previous supervisors directly.
  • A minimum of five years' experience after passing the certification exam, or within ten years of applying for certification, is required.


This is an expert-level certification.

  • Risk management, network security, business continuity, policy recreation, software development security, operations security, and regulatory compliance are just some of the topics covered by CISSPs who have earned their certification.
  • CISSP certification can be obtained by taking this exam and having 5+ years of experience in at least two of the eight CISSP security domains.

This test has the following prerequisites:


5. Experience working in two or more of the eight domains of the (ISC)2 CISSP CBK is required:

  • Asset protection (Protecting Security of Assets)
  • Management of Security and Risk (Security, Risk, Compliance, Law, Regulations, and Business Continuity)
  • The security of communications and networks (Designing and Protecting Network Security)
  • Engineers in the field of security (Engineering and Management of Security)
  • Protective Measures (Foundational Concepts, Investigations, Incident Management, and Disaster Recovery)
  • Authentication and Authorization (Controlling Access and Managing Identity)
  • Forensic examination and testing (Designing, Performing, and Analyzing Security Testing)
  • Information Security in the Software Development Process (Understanding, Applying, and Enforcing Software Security)


For cyber security management professionals, the CISM certification provides an opportunity to demonstrate proficiency in four critical areas.

Among these skills are risk management, security governance, incident response, and security program development.

CISM, in contrast to the CISSP, does not cover as many specific tactics and domains.

As a result of this certification's focus on the larger picture, i.e. the relationship between larger business goals and security programs, this certification has a significant advantage.

Its unique focus on global security management and strategy makes it an ideal certification for those seeking a position in IT security leadership, such as a CSO.

This test has the following prerequisites:

  • Within five years of passing the initial exam, a completed application must be submitted.
  • Every bit of work experience must be corroborated by contacting previous supervisors directly.
  • A minimum of five years' experience after passing the certification exam, or within ten years of applying for certification, is required.
  • Work experience in an information security management role is required for three out of five years.
  • CISM® certification requires a wide range of work experience in at least three of the four CISM® domains.

To Rise To The Top, You Need To Land In These Positions

If you want to work as a Security Consultant, you should get some experience in security jobs at the intermediate level, such as:

  • Administrator of Information and Communications Security
  • Expert in Intrusion Detection Systems
  • Theorist of Security
  • A security specialist
  • Auditor for Information Security

This is the best path if you're looking for an increase in salary and the opportunity to lead an even larger team.

  • Architect of Security
  • Manager of Security
  • Project Manager in the Information Technology field

Generally speaking, the most prestigious and lucrative positions are held by those who are:

  • Director of Security
  • CISO
  • Consultant in Security Issues

Prospects for Career Growth and Compensation reports that the median annual salary for an IT security consultant is $80,673. Between $48,127 and $147,143 is the total compensation, which includes a bonus and profit sharing.


Managing IT Security: Creating a Security Plan

It is essential to ensure that the business and technological assets of an organization are safe and secure at all times. In order to ensure that this goal is met, an Information Security professional will draw a security plan. We'll take a look at the various steps that can be taken to implement a security strategy. Information Security is going to be viewed from every angle.

  1. An "gap analysis" is a necessary first step in developing a security strategy. The "gap analysis" is used to find weak spots in the system's defenses. Next, we'll examine the organization's business, human resources, financial, and technological drivers.
  2. The next step will be to suggest recommendations based on "best practices" to plug the vulnerabilities once the drivers have been identified. New policies and standards will need to be implemented to address the gaps.
  3. Recommendations for implementation will be delegated to the appropriate security personnel.
  4. Security awareness programs will need to be implemented once new policies are established.
  5. Finally, management must be assured that the security plan is working and that the necessary security controls have been implemented. The metrics and measurement plan are used to accomplish this.

Let's take a closer look at the security strategy:


  1. Making use of a gap analysis:

Comparing what's already there with what's needed is the goal of a gap analysis. (Landoll) The gap analysis is a multi-step process that can be applied to any industry. Security policies and technology safeguards like firewalls, virtual private networks (VPNs), business continuity plans and access control standards are examined in a gap analysis. HIPAA guidelines or ISO 17799 standards may be required. For example, viruses, data leakage, out-of date virus signatures and other vulnerabilities will be discovered by conducting a "gap analysis" of the corporate environment and the remediation steps that will be taken. Every firewall, router, and anti-virus program will be examined to see if there are any "gaps" that need to be filled.

  1. An organization's "drivers" are identified.

Next, we'll look at the company's business drivers.. What are the factors that drive a company's success? Superior products, cutting-edge technology, top-notch marketing, and constant customer support" are all possible business drivers for a software company (techopedia) We will show how the organization's business drivers will be affected if there are any gaps in the system.

  1. Efforts will be made to correct the situation:

The remediation steps and new recommendations will be carried out once the missing gaps and vulnerabilities have been discovered. Based on NIST publications and "best practices," we will make recommendations. If you're looking for a basic security plan, check out NIST publication SP 800-14, which is titled "Generally Accepted Principles and Practices for Securing Information Technology Systems." Antivirus software should be installed on all computers and email should be encrypted, according to "best practices." In order to demonstrate that the organization is no longer at risk, these suggestions will be mapped to key business drivers. If the management accepts the recommendations, they will be implemented.

  1. Organizing the security forces to put in place the new safety measures:

Each member of the security team (CISO, Security Technician, Senior Agency Information Security Officer, etc.) will be assigned specific tasks to carry out in order to put the security plan into action and implement the various controls that are necessary.

  1. There will be a security awareness program:

The new policies and safeguards need to be communicated to the rest of the organization in a clear and concise manner. Security awareness training programs will be used to accomplish this. An effective security awareness campaign requires a unique approach that engages the target audience. As a result, the company's staff will be better informed about the organization's new security policies and procedures.

  1. Defining the metrics and metrics plan:

After implementing the security controls, the management must know that the security plan has been successfully implemented. To demonstrate this, we'll implement an effective measurement strategy. In order to carry out a measurement plan, it is helpful to consult the various NIST publications, which provide guidance. NIST 800-55 contains information on "Performance Measurement for Information Security."

Data will be collected at various intervals, and the results will be analyzed using a variety of criteria. The success of an Information Security plan is determined by the progress of the plan's measurement plan over time. As a result of this presentation, we have gained a comprehensive understanding of the information security plan's concepts and the reasons for their implementation. The physical and information assets of any company can be protected by a security plan once it has been developed and implemented.


The Best Certifications In The Field Of Computer Security

The demand for IT Security professionals grows as the demand for IT Security grows in the IT world. Because of the growing need for security professionals and the expanded scope of an IT security career, a slew of IT professionals have turned to IT security as their specialty. Certifications in IT security play an important role in this context. A professional's commitment to the field is demonstrated by an IT Certification, which highlights the individual's knowledge and expertise in specific areas. Several studies have demonstrated the validity and significance of certain credentials. Here are a few of the best certifications in the field of computer security. Let's take a look at the most sought-after certifications in the field of IT security.

Accreditation in ITIL – The Library of IT Infrastructure

According to the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), an ITIL-certified professional is in high demand by businesses around the world. 7 percent of security-cleared professionals have access to the IT Infrastructure Library. Expertise in information technology service management, development, and operations can be demonstrated by an ITIL certification.

The CISSP Diploma – Professionally Qualified in Information System Security

Security professionals who hold the CISSP credential are in high demand from both individuals and businesses. The International Information Systems Security Certification Consortium (ISC)2 governs the CISSP certification, which is an independent information security certification. A CISSP certification shows one's expertise in a variety of areas, including access control, application security, cryptography, disaster recovery planning, information security, and risk management.

Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert (MCSE) - Certified Systems Engineers (CSEs) from Microsoft

When it comes to information technology security certifications, MCSE Certification is a must-have. Expertise in Microsoft server-based technology infrastructure design, implementation, and administration can be demonstrated by an MCSE certification.

Certification as an MCP – Professionally trained in Microsoft Office

One of the most popular IT certifications is the MCP (Microsoft Certified Professional). A Microsoft Certified Professional (MCP) certification shows a person's proficiency in a wide range of Microsoft technologies. IT developers, trainers, architects, and other specialists will all benefit greatly from earning this certification.

Certified Information Systems Auditor – Auditor of Information Technology Systems

It is possible to become a certified information systems auditor by passing the CISA exam (ISACA). The CISA credential is proof of one's expertise in the field of IT audit, control, and security. This highly sought-after credential provides a better understanding of the information security audit process and a better understanding of how to protect information systems.

The CCNA credential – Network Associate Certified by CISCO

One of the most sought-after certifications in the security field is the Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA). CISCO offers this highly regarded credential, which validates a professional's ability to manage and troubleshoot a Windows-based network.

Certified Cisco Network Professional (CCNP) – CISCO Certified Network Professional

Expert-level CCNP certification from CISCO is known as Cisco Certified Network Professional (CCNP). This certification demonstrates a person's ability to plan, configure, and troubleshoot complex enterprise-level routers and switches. CCNP Routing, Switching, and Troubleshooting make up the CCNP certification's three subspecialties, with their own curriculums and exams.

Certified Network Associate (CNA) – The Microsoft Certified Systems Administrator (MCSAC) certification is required to work as

It's no secret that MCSA Certification is a popular credential in the field of IT. A Microsoft Certified Systems Administrator (MCSA) credential is proof of a professional's expertise in managing and troubleshooting Windows Server-based networks.

Cybersecurity Professionals' Roles and Responsibilities in IT Security

In ways that were unimaginable only a few decades ago, technology has linked our private and professional lives like never before. Because of the cloud, mobility, and the powerful devices most of us carry around in our pockets, we can now work together and be more productive than ever before. Our lives are made easier, but our sensitive personal information is more vulnerable because of the ease with which cybercriminals can access it wherever it may be stored or transmitted across the network. There's a lot of money to be made from selling and exploiting this data, so the bad guys are well-motivated. It doesn't matter who you hire to protect your data, hackers and cybercriminals will find a way in. That doesn't mean, however, that the situation is hopeless. As the threat landscape constantly changes, IT security professionals are on the front lines of this war.

As a Cyber Security Professional, What Are Your Duties?

Professionals in the field of cybersecurity are in charge of safeguarding IT infrastructure, edge devices, networks, and data at the highest levels. Data breach prevention and monitoring and response are their primary responsibilities. Programmers, system or network administrators, and mathematicians are among those with extensive experience. Critical thinking, curiosity, and a passion for learning and research are just as important in the role of an IT security professional as those skills that can be taught. Companies should not limit themselves to a small pool of candidates because those qualities can be found in people of all backgrounds. Furthermore, hackers have a tendency to think outside the box. Security professionals must be as cunning as they are to be effective.

The Cyber Security Professional's Duties

Security threats are constantly evolving, and IT security professionals must stay abreast of the latest methods used by cybercriminals. In addition to the aforementioned high-level responsibilities, IT security teams also perform the following specific duties:

  • User access controls and identity/access management systems should be set up and implemented.
  • Keep an eye on the network and the applications to spot any strange behavior.
  • To ensure compliance with security regulations, conduct regular audits.
  • To prevent malicious hacks, use endpoint detection and prevention tools.
  • Establish systems for automatic application updates, such as patch management
  • Systematically manage all on-premises and cloud-based assets for vulnerabilities.
  • Organize with IT operations to create a disaster recovery and business continuity strategy that is shared by all.
  • Learn how to identify suspicious activity by working with HR and/or team leaders.

Three Essential Cyber Security Professional Skills

More than just technical expertise is required for IT security professionals to be successful. These experts must be the following in order to make significant progress in their field:

  • Strategists - Professionals in the field of cyber security should be able to weigh the consequences of their actions before implementing security measures and controls within organizations. Tactical and strategic evaluations of workflows, dependencies, budgets, and resources are required for advanced security protocols. Hacking methods are constantly evolving, so professionals must keep up with the times by studying how hackers get into networks and how to prevent them from doing so.
  • Communicators - The ability to manage and communicate effectively with teams and clients is essential. A business's technology and security affects every member of the staff. In order to effectively protect systems, security professionals must engage in meaningful dialogue with the people they are tasked with protecting.
  • Those who are committed to lifelong learning - Another essential skill is a strong command of the fundamentals. With the ever-changing nature of IT security, this means constant research, education, and certification. In order to deal with today's complex security issues, these professionals must constantly update their knowledge base with the latest cutting-edge technological skills.


There is a high demand for security professionals with specialized training. It is imperative that all organizations prioritize IT security because no one is safe from cybercrime. Finding the best people to guide the way is the first step.

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