Applied Artificial Intelligence and Analyzing The Data


A cybersecurity, cloud computing, data analytics, or artificial intelligence (AI) expert Is your IT infrastructure up to date? You'll be in high demand in 2019 if this is the case. Over $80 billion is spent on Information Technology (IT) by the US government, and about 71 percent of that is spent on contracting (estimated at $60 billion). There's more, however, as states like California and Pennsylvania spent $7.2 billion and $2.5 billion, respectively, on IT in 2018, in addition to the federal government. Who better to get a lucrative contract or position in the IT sector with significant government spending? This is exactly what we'll be looking at.

Renovating IT Facilities

Upgrades to the federal government's information technology (IT) infrastructure are urgently required. The Trump administration's zero-tolerance immigration policy resulted in a crisis of family separation, which brought this to light. According to the New York Times, the various agencies involved in separating children from their parents/guardians were unable to keep track of the separations because of computer problems. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) only had one division that could send data on migrant children directly into the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).Homeland Security and Health Departments did not develop a database "to track the separated families," as stated in a report. They would later admit that their computer systems did not have a "direct electronic interface."

There's a lot more than that going on. Ineffective, costly, and out-of-date legacy systems afflict the government in almost every department. As a result, they pose significant threats to computer security. Over the last five years, spending on these systems has increased by 13%. It's about time we made the switch from on-premises systems to those hosted in the cloud, which is already happening. Using a "buy first" strategy for public cloud and software as a service applications, President Trump intends to spend $4 billion on commercial IT in the hopes of achieving this. Opportunities for employment are endless if you can help to modernize government IT infrastructures. The government is pushing numerous large-scale initiatives in the areas listed below.

Cybersecurity

Cybersecurity is a top priority for the federal government, not only because legacy systems are riddled with security flaws but also because it is necessary to safeguard sensitive information held by the government and its citizens. As data breaches become more frequent as a result of increasingly skilled hackers, the 2019 cybersecurity budget was increased accordingly. There have been recent security breaches at the National Security Agency, the Office of Personnel Management, the Securities and Exchange Commission, and others. It will cost the Department of Defense $8.6 billion alone. A third of cybersecurity contracts have been awarded to ten companies, but there are still plenty of opportunities for other companies to compete for.

The contracts and the jobs are both present. Because of the high demand, the US Office of Personnel Management maintains a special job board for qualified cyber tech professionals. This board helps employers find qualified cyber tech professionals across the country.

Computing In The Cloud

Cloud computing skills are in high demand as the government migrates its legacy systems to the cloud, and companies that provide those services are also in high demand. Even though moving to the cloud is expensive now, it will save money and be more secure in the long run, which is why the White House is urging people to do so now. Federal cloud investments are expected to rise from $2.2 billion in 2017 to $3.3 billion in 2021, according to SmartProcure's forecast. The federal government expects to spend more than $8 billion in fiscal year 2018 on cloud computing services, according to Bloomberg Government, including $5.5 billion from civilian agencies and $2.5 billion from the military.

The amount of money spent by state and local governments on cloud computing is also considerable. According to Shawn McCarthy, research director for IDC Government Insights, "State and local governments aren't moving to the cloud for cost benefits, but primarily for increased security." State and local governments can benefit from increased security by migrating to the cloud. AWS, Azure, and Salesforce are increasingly being used by all of these government agencies. People and businesses with cloud computing expertise will have plenty of opportunities to work with the government.

Analyzing The Data

Fraud is rampant in the government. Federal government costs from potential fraud in 2017 were estimated to be nearly $150 billion, including FWA and payments that were either misused or sent to the wrong recipients. These mistakes can be avoided with the help of data analytics.

As a result, the federal government has set aside money to pay for the hiring of individuals and companies to carry out these functions. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) of the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) is one department that is benefiting from data analytics (CMS). A fraud prevention system was developed by CMS, and it makes use of advanced analytics to identify, prevent and stop payments that follow certain suspicious patterns and to raise the priority of other suspect payments for investigation. "FPS helped CMS save nearly $18 billion in fiscal year 2016 by preventing $527 million in fraud losses, as part of a suite of program-integrity efforts."

Veterans Affairs (VA) and the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) were two other agencies that provided similar assistance. The Department of Transportation benefits from data analytics as well, since it allows the agency to see in real time where long queues at security gates are occurring. The list keeps going. There is no surprise that government spending on IT hardware, software and services related to data analysis, management, visualization, and sharing is high. According to Bloomberg Government, federal agencies spent nearly $2.1 billion in fiscal year 2017 on data analytics and business intelligence.

Applied Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI) expenditures by the government are also high, and they continue to rise year after year as the government discovers ever more applications for AI. This year, the amount spent on AI-related projects is expected to rise to $530 million.

In the meantime, "the Defense Department plans to spend over $1.5 billion in fiscal 2019. The Air Force comes in second with $331 million in AI R&D funding, followed by the Navy with $460 million and the Army with $162 million. The Navy has the most money invested in AI R&D. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), among others, will contribute $562 million to the project. There's a lot of money up for grabs in this contract. And a large number of workers are required.

Medical technology development, with a budget of $128.6 million, U.S. Cyber Command Joint Access Platforms, with an additional $83.7 million, and Air Force Experimentation Campaigns, with an additional $87.2 million, are some of the areas where AI is required. These are just a few examples of the contracts that AI firms will be expected to fulfill. In other words, just like in other professions, there are plenty of openings.

The Following Are Illustrative Contracts For Your Consideration

This list of eight contracts for fiscal years 2018 through 2020 exemplifies the importance of making a bid for government work.

  1. Enterprise Defense Infrastructure of the Department of Defense (JEDI) – A $10 billion investment is expected from BGOV for JEDI, which will offer commercial cloud services at the enterprise level to all branches of the military, including infrastructure as a service and platform as a service. 
  2. Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA) (DEOS) – In the commercial cloud, DEOS will provide collaboration tools and replace legacy systems such as Defense Enterprise Email, Defense Enterprise Portal Service, and the Defense Collaboration Service, all worth $8 billion in total
  3. Contracts for the Next Generation of the VA Commodities Enterprise (CEC-NG) – CEC-NG will provide IT products like laptops, tablets, servers, and routers, as well as ancillary software and services like firewalls, for a total value of up to $5.3 billion.
  4. 2nd IT Supplies and Support Services for the FBI (ITSSS-2)– Agile software development, operations and maintenance, consulting, scientific services, engineering, cloud computing, telecommunications and cybersecurity are all part of ITSSS-2, which has a $5 billion budgetary cap.
  5. Operational GSM-II of the DISA's Global Solutions Management (GSM-O) II– 4.3 billion dollars will be spent to support the Department of Defense's Information Network. Naval Next Generation Enterprise Network II – data and services for the Navy and Marine Corps Intranet with a possible $3.5 billion value 
  6. Mission-critical IT services for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NMITS)– IT services and information will be maintained before, during, and after disasters thanks to a $2.5 billion contract for environmental intelligence capabilities.
  7. Software as a Service from the GSA (SAAS)– a $2.5 billion contract that will be used to provide shared services for federal employees across agencies in the areas of payroll, work schedules, and leave management A $2.5 billion contract with GSA covers functions such as receiving and responding to inquiries and providing information via telephone, telecommunications devices for the deaf, email, postal mail, and the internet. • USA Contact II –
  8. Developing and Integrating Next-Generation Software for the Department of Commerce (SDI-NG2) – The Commerce Department has signed a $1 billion software contract to help expedite the processing of patent and trademark applications.

Government's Top Digital Transformation Trends

Technology and social media trends affect every industry and every government agency. As an employee in the technology and/or government sectors, consider the fast-paced and exciting world of working in the technology sector in a government role.

Want to work in government technology but unsure of where to start, where you'd fit in, or how to best utilize your abilities? Many industries, including local, state, and federal governments, have been affected by the following digital transformation trends. 

1. Increasing Safety

The threat of cyber attacks has become more real and dangerous over the last few years, and most businesses now recognize that cyber security is essential to their success. Because of this, government agencies must be extra careful when it comes to increasing security measures. The Department of Homeland Security, for example, recently launched a new security initiative. DevOps aims to bridge the gap between contracting partners and agencies as they deal with IT equipment's cyber security vulnerabilities. As a result, they are able to foresee potential problems before they arise and take appropriate measures to address them.

Keeping up with the digital trend means finding and hiring the right people with the skills and training necessary to safeguard sensitive information and prevent it from falling into the wrong hands. Basic knowledge of IT concepts like system administration and web applications is required. Advanced coding proficiency necessitates both relevant training and certification.

2. Changing from On-Premises to Off-Premises Services

There is a new effort to modernize government technology under President Trump's Modernizing Government Technology Act (MGT). In the coming years, newer and more advanced technologies will begin to replace older ones, resulting in a shift in government digital trends. With this new law in place, cloud-based and shared services will become more popular among government agencies. As data and systems are moved to cloud-based platforms, government officials will be able to quickly and easily access important information when they need it.

3. Using Data Mining

Government agencies are no exception to the rule when it comes to the importance of data. Federal agencies have amassed an enormous amount of data, and the need for data miners and analysts with advanced training is becoming apparent as they sift through this deluge. If you want to succeed in this data-driven industry, training as a data scientist can give you a leg up on the competition. After all, you learn all the ins and outs of the field when you become a data scientist. This can make you a great candidate if you've already worked in the field.

4. Automating the Process

For example, government agencies have begun using chatbots and artificial intelligence (AI) in order to run more efficiently because it frees up workers' time and allows them to focus on tasks that cannot be automated.

Automated call centers have been implemented in the social services department of the Department of Human Services. For a StopBullying.gov initiative, chatbots were used in conjunction with Google's TensorFlow machine learning library. Information about anti-bullying and how to report it to the appropriate authorities and get help if needed can now be easily obtained thanks to modern technology.

The Bureau of Labor Statistics does not expect a significant decline in government sector employment between now and 2024, despite this increase in automation.

Look To Government Technology For Insight Into The Future Of Technology

The pace of technological change makes it difficult to stay abreast of emerging trends that have the potential to fundamentally alter our businesses in the coming years or even months. Looking ahead for hints as to what the next technological advancements will be is absolutely necessary! Despite the fact that this can be easily researched online, it can be difficult to know where to begin. Technology in government and military R&D resources is one place to look.

Government Support For Technological Advancement 

Technology trends, research, and development have always been driven by the needs of governments, particularly military forces. The following are a few examples:

  • When the term "engineer" was first coined, it was used to refer to military personnel who built war machines and devised ways to breach enemy fortress walls.
  • Modern project management and quality management techniques owe their origins to World War II production needs.
  • The ARPANET program of the U.S. Department of Defense's Advanced Research Projects Agency is where the internet's roots can be traced back to (DARPA)
  • The US military's NAVSTAR satellite navigation system provided the GPS coordinates.

While many digital technologies and innovations were developed by the private sector as well, they were frequently given a significant boost by contracts with the government. Some of these include the transistor and integrated circuits developed by AT&T Bell Labs, IBM's mainframe systems for business data processing as well as the microprocessors produced by Intel, as well as operating systems for microcomputers developed by Digital Research, Microsoft, and Apple.

Robotics, Self-Driving Cars, And Deep Space Exploration

DARPA's first Grand Challenge competition for a self-driving vehicle was held in 2004. Neither car nor driver successfully completed the 240-kilometer course in the first year; however, five of the 23 finalists returned to complete the 212-kilometer course the following year. Taking on this and other grand challenges has allowed autonomous systems to make great strides. Private sector autopilot functions for automobiles and a new industry developing autonomous, self-driving cars have emerged as a result of this.

The U.S. space program is an excellent example of how technology in government has evolved from military rocketry to private space launch companies. US Federal Communications Commission (FCC) grants SpaceX $900 million for satellite launches that will improve broadband connectivity in rural areas of the United States. One tenth of the agency's total budget is spent on this.

Every country has a program to send probes to the Moon, Mars, and other far-flung destinations as a matter of national pride. United Arab Emirates recently launched a Mars mission that successfully placed its spacecraft in orbit around Mars. Through these initiatives, new materials, controls, and software quality processes have been created and are now being used in the commercial sector.

Military And Commercial Partnerships In The Use Of Technology In The Government

Pilotless aircraft are also being studied in the commercial aviation sector. "Loyal Wingman" planes are being developed by Boeing and Airbus SE, which have already flown 500 test flights of their autonomous cargo planes. The military is also working with commercial partners to develop autonomous tanks, jet refueling tankers, cargo jets, submarine troop transport ships, and helicopters, among other technologies. The $740 billion National Defense Authorization Act passed by the US Congress in early 2020 includes provisions to expand efforts that include more automation and autonomous activities in all branches of the military. Many of these joint initiatives are receiving much of their funding from this legislation.

The Effects Of COVID-19 On Government's Use Of Technology

Contrary to public perceptions, private industry, such as space launch services and national security, can keep up with or even outpace government innovation in terms of technological advancement. COVID-19 pandemic's upheavals revealed many instances of government agencies being behind the times in terms of current technology and thus unable to adapt. In order to continue doing business in a work-from-home, non-contact, mostly online environment, many private companies were able to change their business models and adapt their digital systems.

Many government agencies, on the other hand, were unable to adapt. For example, many US states' unemployment insurance programs were unable to handle the huge increase in the volume of claims due to the pandemic. As a result of the lack of recent updates, their digital systems were unable to be expanded or modified to meet the new demands. Agency employees used workarounds to process fraudulent claims, leaving them vulnerable.

Keeping Ahead Of The Curve In Government Technology

There are times when the government falls behind in automation, but most of the time it is ahead of the curve, which means that there is a lot of room for innovation. Two places to keep an eye on for a glimpse of government technology's future The first step is to keep an eye on government R&D news to see what new technologies are being developed. Check out where governments have advertised for technical assistance and contracted with companies to replace or upgrade their existing infrastructure. Demand for technology skills and the ability to recruit technology professionals can be affected by these factors.

The Digital Age Requires A New Set Of Skills For Federal Employees

The need for government workers to stay current and up-to-date, while we tend to disregard it as a distinct category, is very similar to that of corporate workers. The federal government and the rest of the U.S. population have come to realize the dangers of their deficiencies as a result of the stark reality that skill sets have not kept pace with technological change. Because of this, the White House plans to reskill its employees.

This lack of relevant skill sets is largely due to the inability of the older generation of employees to keep up with the rapid changes in technology. There are more than half of all employees over the age of 50, which indicates that they entered the civil service nearly three decades ago, a time when neither iPhones and Google nor Big Data, cloud computing, Artificial Intelligence (AI), or cybersecurity were critical to running any organization. The federal government can't function properly if its employees haven't been retrained to keep up with the digital transformation of our world and the technologies we now rely on.

A Call To Action To Educate And Train The Workforce

Having the federal workforce insist on change is nothing new. Several administrations have attempted to restructure the federal workforce in order to improve performance and reduce costs despite widespread disregard for civil service employees and widespread suspicion of widespread inefficiencies.

Today's demand is greater than ever before, but it's not because of tighter budgets; rather, it's because of the digital revolution, which has created more jobs than there are people qualified to fill them. As a result, the federal government, like private sector employers, is experiencing a labor shortage of employees with specific high-tech skill sets. When the White House claimed in 2016 that there was a need for a total of 10,000 additional IT and cybersecurity professionals, the government recently stated that it had a shortfall for workers in these fields.

To meet current needs, the administration says it will invest in reskilling the federal workforce, but the goal is much broader. However, no detailed plans have been announced. For "improving employees performance management and engagement," "reskilling and redeploying human capital resources," as well as developing a straightforward hiring strategy, the Office of Personnel Management, OMB, and Defense Department are all tasked with demonstrating leadership in these three areas. The plan heavily emphasizes reskilling and federal employee training.

The Federal Workforce Needs Retraining In New Skills

A majority of organizations plan to increase their use of data analysis in the next five years, according to the Society for Human Resources Management and the American Statistical Association. Data analytics and visualization will become increasingly important as the federal government continues to collect and manage vast amounts of data. In addition, reskilling and upskilling are needed in many other areas to keep up with the digital age's jobs, such as Business Analyst, Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning, Big Data, DevOps, Cyber Security, and Cloud Computing skills like Amazon Web Services (AWS) and Azure. Federal workers who will be most affected by automation will have a reskilling plan developed by the government. About 5% of jobs could be completely automated, and another 60% of jobs could be automated by 30% or more, according to estimates.

Recruitment May Be Aided By Retraining

Government agencies were less satisfied with their ability to hire the right people in 2017 compared to the previous year in the Federal Employee Viewpoint Survey results. Because 87% of Millennials and 69% of non-Millennials say that opportunities for professional growth and development are important in a job, and because 59% of Millennials will use that criteria when deciding whether or not to accept a job offer, agencies that offer government training programs that enable employees to learn new skills and stay current may help with recruitment and retention.

Training Opportunities In The Government

Contracting officers (or equivalent) at government agencies that need to get employees trained and individual federal employees who are proactively seeking out new skills and using their government-approved charge cards to pay for that federal employee training will be necessary to answer the call for reskilling of federal employees. If you are a federal employee or a government contractor, you need to know how to choose the right federal employee training because if you don't, your time and money will be wasted.

classroom training are available to organizations and individuals. While the former allows students to learn when and where they want, the latter provides a live classroom setting in which students can participate remotely under the guidance of a subject matter expert. If you have a large workforce spread out across multiple locations, this model of training can be extremely cost-effective.

In order to keep the federal workforce up-to-date with ever-changing technologies and best practices, the government must first ensure that its employees receive proper training. Employees can only be retrained in order to make the civil service the cost-effective and efficient operation that the electorate expects.


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